Discover İzmir Province. İzmir has a rich history dating back thousands of years and is home to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Ephesus and Pergamon. The coastline is beautiful, historic and agriculturally rich. Known for crystal-clear sea and pristine beaches, İzmir is home to quaint fishing villages and popular holiday resorts.
İzmir Province is located in Aegean region. Neighboring provinces are Balıkesir to the north, Manisa to the east, and Aydın to the south. Sitting adjacent to the Aegean Sea, the area is home to many of Turkey’s most prestigious seaside resorts.
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İzmir is one of eight provinces located in the Aegean Region: Afyonkarahisar (03), Aydın (09), Denizli (20), İzmir (35), Kütahya (43), Manisa (45), Muğla (48), and Uşak (64). Each province has a unique code license plate code. The license plate code for İzmir is number 35.
Points of Interest
İzmir includes the districts of Aliağa, Balçova, Bayındır, Bayraklı, Bergama, Beydağ, Bornova, Buca, Çeşme, Çiğli, Dikili, Foça, Gaziemir, Güzelbahçe, Karabağlar, Karaburun, Karşıyaka, Kemalpaşa, Kınık, Kiraz, Konak, Menderes, Menemen, Narlıdere, Ödemiş, Seferihisar, Selçuk, Tire, Torbalı, and Urla.
The history of İzmir dates back thousands of years. The area was first settled by local Anatolians. In the 11th century BC, Ionians established the League of Ionia. It was later conquered by the Persians and retaken by the Greeks before being absorbed into the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the area became part of the Byzantine Empire until it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 14th century. Following the First World War, the province was ceded to Greece, but was retaken by the forces of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in the Turkish War of Independence. As a result of the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), all Greek Orthodox inhabitants of the province had to leave, and İzmir Province was incorporated into the modern Republic of Turkey.Historic sites include Agora, Aigai, Asansör, Ephesus, Kemeraltı Market, Kızlarağası Hanı, Old Smyrna, and Pergamon.
The mild climate and rich soil make the Aegean one of Turkey’s most fertile regions. Known for olive orchards and vineyards, the Aegean Region produces some of Turkey’s most prestigious olive oils and wines. Additionally, the Aegean is famous for an abundance of fresh produce including artichokes, grapes, pears and sweet melon.
İzmir regional specialties include tarhana soup (made from dried yoghurt and tomatoes), İzmir köfte (spicy oblong meatballs with cumin and garlic served in tomato sauce), sulu köfte (thick soup with meatballs), keşkek (boiled wheat with meat), zerde (sweetened rice with saffron) and mücver (made from zucchine and eggs). Boyoz (tahini flavored pasty), gevrek (a circular bread, typically encrusted with sesame seeds) and lokma (fried dough served with sweet syrup) are baked goods associated with İzmir.
The Aegean Region has a Mediterranean climate at the coast (with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters) and a semi-arid continental climate in the interior (with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters). Rainfall averages 645 mm (25 inches) per year; temperatures range from -8°C (18°F) to 43°C (109°F), with average humidity of 69%.
Likewise, İzmir has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by long, hot, and dry summers, and mild to cool, rainy winters. The total precipitation for İzmir averages 695.4 mm (27.38 in) per year; however, the vast majority of the city’s rainfall occurs from November through March. The rest of the precipitation generally falls during April through May and September through October. There is usually very little to no rainfall from June through August. A record 145.3 mm (5.72 in) of rainfall was recorded on September 29, 2006.
Maximum temperatures during the winter months are usually between 10 and 16 °C (50 and 61 °F). Although it is rare, snow can fall in İzmir from December to February over a period of hours rather than a whole day or more, with a record 32 cm (13 in) of snow depth recorded on January 31, 1945. During summer, the air temperature can climb as high as 40 °C (104 °F) from June to September; however, the high temperatures are usually between 30 and 36 °C (86 and 97 °F).