Potato | Patates
Potato has a history that dates back thousands of years. The root vegetable was first cultivated by the Inca Indians of Peru between 8000 – 5000 BC.
After conquering Peru in the 16th century, Spanish Conquistadors returned to Spain with potatoes. From Spain, potato cultivation spread across the rest of Europe.
During the 19th century, two varieties of potatoes were introduced to Turkey. The first, called ‘ruskartoe’ was introduced to Turkey’s Anatolian and Black Sea Regions. Between 75 and 100 years later, a second variety called ‘kumpir’ was introduced to Turkey’s western regions.
Potato (following rice, wheat and maize) is the world’s fourth largest food crop. Turkey is the largest producer of potatoes in the Middle East and ranked 19th worldwide. Potatoes are cultivated in every region of the country.
Potatoes are available all year. They are served baked, grilled and fried. Stuffed baked potatoes (called kumpir) are an Aegean regional speciality.
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