Pear | Armut

Pear is believed to have been consumed for over 4,000 years. The known first literary documentation of the cultivation pears comes from the 18th century BC writings of Ishme-Dagan I. The ruler of Assyria (a Mesopotamian kingdom located in what is now Northern Iraq and Southeastern Turkey) wrote to his brother: ‘I am sending you pears…the first of the season.’

During the Roman Empire (753 BC to 27 BC), the popularity and cultivation of pears increased. In the Odyssey (which begins with the fall of the Turkish city of Troy), Homer (750 BC) refers to pears as ‘Gifts from God.’ Greek philosopher Theophrastus (371 – 287 BC), a native of the Lesbos (the 3rd largest Greek Island is separated from Turkey by the narrow Mytilini Strait) wrote of both cultivated and wild varieties pears in the region. By 350 BC, pear cultivation had spread throughout Magna Graecia (a group of ancient cities located on the coast of Southern Italy).

Today, Turkey is the second largest producer of pears in Europe and the fifth largest producer worldwide. Commonly cultivated varieties include Santa Maria, Akca, Mustafabey, Cassia, Willliams, Ankara and Deveci.



In Turkey, pears are eaten fresh, dried and preserved.


Quick Guide


In Turkish, pears are called armut.


Almost 50 percent of pear production in Turkey comes from the Marmara region, followed by the Aegean and northern Mediterranean regions. The cities of Bursa, Yalova, Antalya, Ankara, Konya, and Burdur are well known for the cultivation of the fruit.


Many different varieties of pears are grown in Turkey and are harvested throughout the year. However, the peak season for pears begins in July and lasts until November.



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