Olive | Zeytin

Olive trees are commonly acknowledged as the world’s first tree. Although it is difficult to determine the origin of the olive, it is generally believed to be indigenous to Turkey. In fact, genetic and archeological research indicates that domesticated olive trees are a subspecies of wild olive trees found growing in a line that stretches from the Mediterranean city of Hatay to Southeastern Anatolian city of Mardin. The olive tree, which has a lifespan of up to four hundred years, still thrives on Turkey’s Aegean and Mediterranean regions.



In Turkey, every part of the olive tree is utilized. Fallen branches are used to create furniture or other functional and decorative items; leaves are used to make sarma; the fruit is consumed cured or pressed into olive oil.


Quick Guide


Olive is known as zeytin in Turkish.


More than eighty varieties of domesticated olives can be found growing in Turkey. The Aegean Region is home to 75% of the olive trees cultivated.


Olives are harvested from September through December.



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