Fig | Incir

Among the oldest fruits consumed by humans, figs originated in the Anatolian region of Turkey. Believed by some historians to be the first domesticated crop, fig trees have been discovered during excavations of Turkish Neolithic sites that date back to 5,000 BC. With rise of the Roman Empire, the cultivation of figs spread throughout the Mediterranean region. Figs, representing fertility, peace and prosperity, are symbolically important in many religions. The fig tree appears repeatedly in throughout the Bible. The prophet Mohammed reportedly identified the fig as the one fruit he would most wish to see in paradise. Today, Turkey is the largest producer of figs in the world.



In Turkey, figs are consumed fresh, dried and preserved. Fig jam is commonly served at breakfast. Additionally. figs stuffed with clotted cream and walnuts (incir tatlısı) are a regional specialty. In Ottoman cuisine, figs are often paired with savory meat dishes.


Quick Guide


In Turkish, figs are called incir.


The primary areas for the cultivation of figs are located in the Aegean and Mararma Regions. Of the approximately 10 million fig trees growing in Turkey, two thirds of the in the Provinces of Aydın and Izmir. However, fig trees grow wild in in nearly every part of the country including the Aegean, Black Sea, Marmara, Mediterranean and South Eastern Anatolia regions.


Fresh figs are season beginning in June and available until September.



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