Walnut | Ceviz
Walnut has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Walnuts are native to a wide region extending from the Carpathian Mountains, across Turkey and to Middle East. Dating back as far as 7000 BC, walnuts are believed to be one of the oldest tree foods known to man. Located near the modern Turkish city of Polatlı, walnut furniture was discovered in the tomb of King Midas (reign 750 – 700 BC). The Romans called walnuts Jupiter’s Royal Acorn (Juglans Regia). Today, with over 6 million trees, Turkey is the fourth largest producer of walnuts in the world.
Every part of the walnut tree is ultized in Turkey. Leaves are used in tea, roots for medicinal use and shells as a natural dye. Eaten dried and roasted, walnuts are also commonly used in desserts including baklava, ice cream and halva.
Baklava is a pastry made from fine layers of dough, chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup or honey. Although the history of baklava is not well-documented, it is believed to have originated in Anatolian Turkey.
Ice Cream | Dondurma
The history of Turkish ice cream dates back between 300 and 500 years to the Anatolian city of Maraş. An abundant supply of ice, salep, goat milk and mastic resin led to the creation of a dense ice cream called dondurma.
Indulge in more Turkish Nuts
Chestnut | Kestane
Chestnuts have an ancient history. Written in third century, the earliest known record of chestnut cultivation can be found Theophrastus’ Enquiry into Plants. Today, Turkey is the third leading producer of chestnuts in the world.
Hazelnut | Fındık
Hazelnut has been cultivated in Turkey’s Black Sea Region for more than 2,300 years. Additionally, Turkey has been exporting hazelnuts for over six hundred years. Today, roughly 75% of the world’s hazelnut supply is grown in Turkey.
Peanut | Fıstık
Peanut is believed to have originated in South America. Although there are no archeological records to support the assertion, people in South America made pottery and jars in the shape of peanuts as far back as 3,500 years ago.
Pistachio | Antep Fıstığı
Pistachio is one of the oldest flowering nut trees. Recent archeological evidence in Turkey suggests that pistachios have been enjoyed since as early as 7000 BC. Today, Turkey is the third largest producer of pistachios in the world.
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