Pistachio (antep fıstığı) has an ancient history. Native to the Afghanistan, the Middle East and Western Asia, pistachios are one of the oldest flowering nut trees. Recent archeological evidence in Turkey suggests that pistachios have been enjoyed since as early as 7,000 B.C. It is said that the Queen of Sheba decreed pistachio a royal food, forbidding commoners from consumption. Nebuchadnezzar, the ancient king of Babylon, is said to have had pistachio trees planted in his fabled hanging gardens. Today, Turkey is the third largest producer of pistachios in the world.
Pistachios are consumed roasted and salted, shelled or unshelled. They are used in desserts including Turkish delight and baklava or even savoury meat dishes.
In Turkish, pistachios are called antep fıstığı.
Pistachios are primarily grown in the Aegean, Mediterranean and Southeastern Anatolian Regions. The Southern Anatolian cities of Şanlıurfa and Gaziantep lead production.
Pistachios ripen in September and are available roasted all year.
Indulge in more Delicious Turkish Nuts
Chestnut | Kestane
Chestnuts have an ancient history. Written in third century, the earliest known record of chestnut cultivation can be found Theophrastus’ Enquiry into Plants. Today, Turkey is the third leading producer of chestnuts in the world.
Hazelnut | Fındık
Hazelnut has been cultivated in Turkey’s Black Sea Region for more than 2,300 years. Additionally, Turkey has been exporting hazelnuts for over six hundred years. Today, roughly 75% of the world’s hazelnut supply is grown in Turkey.
Peanut is believed to have originated in South America. Although there are no archeological records to support the assertion, people in South America made pottery and jars in the shape of peanuts as far back as 3,500 years ago.
Walnut | Ceviz
Walnut has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Dating back as far as 7000 BC, walnuts are believed to be one of the oldest tree foods known to man. With over 6 million trees, Turkey is the fourth largest producer of walnuts worldwide.