Nuts play an important cultural and economic role in Turkey. With millions of native trees, the country is known to be one of the oldest nut producing countries in the world. Turkey holds first place in world hazelnut production, third place in walnut, chestnut and pistachio and seventh place for almond. In addition to the economic importance, nuts have an influential role in the cuisine. They are featured in everything from savoury meat dishes to desserts.
Chestnut | Kestane
Chestnuts have an ancient history. Written in third century, the earliest known record of chestnut cultivation can be found Theophrastus’ Enquiry into Plants. Today, Turkey is the third leading producer of chestnuts in the world.
Hazelnut has been cultivated in Turkey’s Black Sea Region for more than 2,300 years. Additionally, Turkey has been exporting hazelnuts for over six hundred years. Today, roughly 75% of the world’s hazelnut supply is grown in Turkey.
Peanut | Fıstık
Peanut is believed to have originated in South America. Although there are no archeological records to support the assertion, people in South America made pottery and jars in the shape of peanuts as far back as 3,500 years ago.
Pistachio is one of the oldest flowering nut trees. Recent archeological evidence in Turkey suggests that pistachios have been enjoyed since as early as 7000 BC. Today, Turkey is the third largest producer of pistachios in the world.
Walnut | Ceviz
Walnut has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Dating back as far as 7000 BC, walnuts are believed to be one of the oldest tree foods known to man. With over 6 million trees, Turkey is the fourth largest producer of walnuts worldwide.