Cookies | Kurabiye
Cookies are called kurabiye in Turkey. There are countless varieties of kurabiye available including sweet and savory options. Kurabiye are commonly served to afternoon guests with tea. The cookie as we know it today would not exist without sugar and flour. To understand the origins of the cookie, it is important to understand the origins of these two key ingredients.
Archeological evidence indicates sugarcane was first domesticated in New Guinea 10,000 years ago. From New Guinea, sugar spread across Southeast Asia and Southern China before reaching India. India is the home to the first organized production of sugar. In 510 BC, Emperor Darius of Persia (modern Iran) invaded India where he found “the reed which gives honey without bees.”
Likewise, archeological and genetic research indicates that all modern wheat originated from the area surrounding Mount Karadağ (located in Turkey’s Southern Anatolia Region) where emmer wheat was domesticated around 12,000 years ago. Wheat was eventually cultivated throughout the Zagros Mountain range which extends 1,500 kilometers from Southern Anatolia to Iran and Iraq.
With an availability of both flour and sugar, Persian bakers were creating sweetened breads by the 7th century AD. To determine the baking temperature for the bread, a small amount of batter was dropped into the oven. From these test cakes, the modern cookie was born.
Indulge in more Delicious Turkish Baked Goods
Baklava is a pastry made from fine layers of dough, chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup or honey. Although the history of baklava is not well-documented, it is believed to have originated in the Anatolian Region of Turkey.
Bread | Ekmek
Bread, as we know it, would not exist without flour. Genetic evidence indicates that all modern wheat originated from Turkey’s Mount Karadağ region where it was domesticated around 12,000 years ago.
Borek | Börek
Borek is a family of baked and filled pastries with Anatolian origins. Borek is made by layering phyllo or yulfka with fillings of meat, cheese, spinach, or potato.
Flatbread | Pide
Turkish pide is a flatbread traditionally baked in clay or stone oven. A boat shaped pide served with various toppings (including cheese, vegetables and meat) is frequently referred to as Turkish Pizza.
Turkish Bagel | Simit
Simit is ring-shaped sweet bread topped with sesame seeds. It is made by dipping a ring of dough into pekmez (grape molasses) and sprinkling generously with sesame seeds before baking.
Donuts | Tulumba
Tulumba a popular dessert made from dough that is piped through an icing bag and then deep-fried, While hot, the fried dough is covered with a sweet syrup.
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