Chios, the fifth largest of the Greek Islands, is situated in the Aegean Sea just 7 kilometers from the Turkish coastline. The island, once part of the Ottoman Empire, is known for the export of mastic gum. Chios, fondly called the Mastic Island, is home to the 11th-century monastery of New Mono, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The island is an important destination for those vacationing in Çeşme, Turkey and easily accessible by ferry.
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