Discover Afyonkarahisar Province. The history of Afyonkarahisar dates back thousands of years. It has been home to Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans. Literally translated Afyonkarahisar means “Opium Black Castle.’ The area thrived under the Ottoman Empire as a center for opium production. However, under intense international pressure, production ceased in the late 1960s. Today, poppies are grown under a strict licensing regime for manufacturing morphine and other medicinal opiates. In addition to its poppy fields, the area is known for its numerous marble quarries and natural thermal baths.
Afyonkarahisar Province, also called more simply Afyon Province, is a province in the Aegean Region. Afyon, positioned as a gateway between the Aegean Sea and inner regions of Anatolia, sits at the intersection of three different regions of Turkey: Aegean, Central Anatolia, and Mediterranean.
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Central Anatolia Region
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Southeastern Anatolia Region
Afyonkarahisar Province is one of eight provinces located in the Aegean Region: Afyonkarahisar (03), Aydın (09), Denizli (20), İzmir (35), Kütahya (43), Manisa (45), Muğla (48), and Uşak (64). Each province has a unique code license plate code. The license plate code for Afyon is 03.
Points of Interest
Afyon includes the districts of Afyonkarahisar, Başmakçı, Bayat, Bolvadin, Çay, Çobanlar, Dazkırı, Dinar, Emirdağ, Evciler, Hocalar, İhsaniye, İscehisar, Kızılören, Sandıklı, Sinanpaşa, Sultandağı, and Şuhut.
Afyonkarahisar, known as Hapanuwa to the ancient Hittites, has been occupied by Phrygians, Lydians, Achaemenid Persians and eventually Alexander the Great. After the death of Alexander, the area came under the reign of the Seleucids and the Kings of Pergamon, the Roman Empire, and the Byzantine Empire. Following his victory over Arabbesiegers in 740 BC, Byzantine Emperor Leo III renamed the area Nicopolis (Greek for “City of Victory”). Seljuk Turks arrived in 1071 and changed the name to Kara Hisar or “Black Castle” (in reference to the ancient citadel that sits in the city of Afyon). Following the dispersal of the Seljuks, Sâhib Ata and then the Germiyanids reigned over the region. The Ottomans took control in 1428.
Afyonkarahisar Archaeological Museum
The Aegean Region is bordered by Aegean Sea to the West, Central Anatolia to the East, the Marmara Region to the North and the Mediterranean to the South. The mild climate and rich soil make the Aegean one of Turkey’s most fertile regions. Known for olive orchards and vineyards, the Aegean Region produces some of Turkey’s most prestigious olive oils and wines. Additionally, the Aegean is famous for an abundance of fresh produce including artichokes, grapes, pears and sweet melon.
Afyon has reputation for many regional specialities including a variety of lokum (Turkish Delight), ekmek kadayıfı (bread pudding), kaymak (clotted cream), and sucuk (spicy sausage). Additional agricultural products include beef, cherries, eggs, potato and sugar beet.
Bread Pudding (Ekmek Kadayıfı)
Clotted Cream (Kaymak)
Turkish Delight (Lokum)
The Aegean Region has a Mediterranean climate at the coast (with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters) and a semi-arid continental climate in the interior (with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters). Rainfall averages 645 mm (25 inches) per year; temperatures range from -8°C (18°F) to 43°C (109°F), with average humidity of 69%. Likewise, Afyonkarahisar has a Continental climate with are cold and snowy winters. Summers are hot and dry with cool nights. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.